Most of us have had a common cold at least once in our lifetime. Cold is a viral disease condition, where your respiratory tract is infected. There are over 200 different virus strains that can cause a cold. This generally annoying but harmless condition needs effective treatment so that you are not stuck down by its nuisance symptoms. Although in rare situations, your susceptibility to viruses or other health conditions can lead to serious conditions like pneumonia.Normally, ENTs specialists in Sharjah suggest you follow simple home remedies to alleviate the cold symptoms. Let us understand more about the causes and symptoms of a Common cold.Common cold causes and symptomsThe common cold is one of the most prevalent viral diseases in the world. While children are the most susceptible, with an average child experiencing 6-8 colds each year, while adults experience 3 to 4. Common cold mostly occurs during the winter or rainy months, although they can occur in people all around the year. The disease is caused by a variety of virus strains like rhinovirus, coxsackievirus, coronavirus and such. Usually, the viruses are airborne and people come in contact with them through nasal secretions via sneezing, nose blowing or wiping. Your chances of catching a cold are high if you are in close proximity of an infected cold, and when the virus comes in contact with your nose, eyes or mouth.The cold is most contagious for the first 2 to 3 days and not so contagious after a week. The easily identifiable symptoms of having a cold are scratchy throat, runny or stuffy nose, watery eyes, sneezing, sore throat, cough, and headache, sometimes accompanied by a low fever.Children often run a fever of approximately 100-102 degrees F.Treating your common coldENT specialists normally insist on preventing the spread of the virus through careful home remedies. The most common and effective way to do this is washing hands frequently, especially after blowing your nose. Instant hand sanitizers are an effective alternative to soap and water when the latter is unavailable.Common cold usually disappears in two weeks putting an end to the symptoms along with it. Although medications do not cure the infection, over the counter medicines like cough medicines, analgesics or decongestants can be used to relieve the symptoms. However, ENT specialists recommend against the use of these medications for young children.The best way to treat your common cold is through self-care. Take plenty of rest, drink a lot of water and hot soups, inhale steam to relieve nasal block and use lozenges for sore throat relief.Recent studies show that a poorly functioning immune system might be more susceptible to developing common cold symptoms frequently. For example, asthmatics have more common colds than an average person and doesn’t produce antiviral proteins as well as a generally healthy individual. ENT’s experts suggest the use of dietary supplements to support the weak immune system and avoid cold symptoms.So, take care of your common cold with these simple remedies. And contact your ENT specialist in Sharjah if your symptoms persist without improvement even after a weak as it needs further medical attention.
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