Common Winter Sickness And How To Prevent Them

Winter in the UAE is fast approaching, and along with the change in climate, are health issues such as respiratory infections and skin-related diseases. If you live in Sharjah, then you may have the knowledge of how extreme the temperature can rise or drop during the summer and winter seasons.  Fortunately, there are medical centers in Sharjah that give precautionary measures to prevent patients from experiencing the effects of the changing climate in the UAE. Sharjah Medical centers like IBO offer flu immunization for residents wanting protection against winter illnesses.Let’s take a closer look at common winter diseases and how to prevent them.
  1. Flu
Flu gets its name from the virus that causes it- Influenza. Flu is a very contagious respiratory disease that affects the throat, nose and often times the lungs.  It can range from mild to severe. Some of the symptoms for flu are fever, headaches, body soreness, sore throat and etc. It is commonly spread through the influenza virus through coughs and getting in contact with the infected person. The virus can stay on the surface of the hands for 24 hours, so keep in mind to always clean your hands several times a day. 
  1. Common Cold
Although cold is all too common for everyone, it should not be taken for granted.  As its always been part of the change in season, patients should be wary of taking care of their health to avoid catching itPeople who suffer from the common old experience nasal congestion, tightness in the chest, sneezing, runny nose, headache and etc. There are several Over-The-Counter drugs to fight against the common cold. It usually subsides in a few days. However, if it is persistent, its best to consult a physician. 
  1. Strep Throat
This illness is caused by bacterial infection in the mouth and throat.  The Streptococcus pyogenes is the bacteria responsible for the infection. The bacteria is highly contagious and can be spread through airborne droplets caused by coughing or sneezing of an infected person. Patients with strep throat have difficulty in swallowing food because of the swollen tonsils and white patches or streaks of pus in the throat. They can also experience fever along with headaches and soreness of the body.If left untreated, it could progress to more serious complications such as inflammation of the Kidney and Rheumatic Fever. 
  1. Pneumonia
A variety of bacteria and viruses can cause pneumonia. These bacteria and viruses can cause the air sacs of both lungs to inflame which makes it at risk of being filled with fluid or pus.  People who have pneumonia experience difficulty in breathing, persistent fever, cough with phlegm or pus. If ignored, it could be life-threatening especially for individuals with a weak immune system. 
  1. Dry Skin
During Winter, the air becomes dry which causes the skin to quickly lose its moisture. Keeping the skin hydrated is important. Having dry skin may cause itchiness, painful cracks in the skin that may lead to wounding, dermatitis, eczema, and bacterial infection.Apart from staying hydrated, applying moisturizers, lotions or balms can help in keeping the skin moisturized. How To Prevent Winter IllnessesYou can get immunization against the flu through vaccination, but it is also important to keep proper hygiene and have a healthy lifestyle. Eat plenty of foods rich in vitamin C or Ascorbic acid to strengthen the body’s immune system. It’s also ideal to perform quarterly checkups with the best doctors in Sharjah.  Visit the best Sharjah Medical Center, IBO  for more information about winter illnesses and prevention.
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