Back pain is a widespread problem and ails everyone, irrespective of age. It could be a result of activity, injury, or other medical conditions. Most times, back pain stems from spine-related problems. Let us look at some of the common spine-related conditions and pain management treatments.
- Herniated disk
Your spine is made up of individual bones, vertebrae, stacked up with cushioning disks between them. A disk becomes herniated when the cushioning shifts and bursts out of its casing. It leads to pain, weakness, and numbness of the arm or leg, depending on the herniated disk’s position. Treatments range from conservative methods like modifying activities and losing weight to pain medications, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. A herniated disk can be prevented by maintaining a healthy weight, correcting one’s posture, engaging in physical exercise, and avoiding the usage of tobacco products.
The nerve that runs from one’s lower back all the way down to the leg is called the sciatic nerve. Sciatica refers to the pain, weakness, or numbness in the lower back that radiates down the leg, resulting from damage to the sciatic nerve. Aside from self-care measures like hot/cold packs and stretches, pain relievers, steroid injections, physiotherapy, and in some cases, surgery is a viable option to treat sciatica.
Scoliosis refers to the condition where a person’s spine curves sideways. It can lead to uneven shoulders and other disproportionate body features. It leads to pinched nerves and back pain. Age and the severity of the condition are taken into consideration when prescribing the treatment for scoliosis. Treatment options include physical therapy, bracing, and surgery.
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that affects millions of people around the globe. It is the most common form of arthritis. It refers to the deterioration of the cartilage and joints in the spine, causing pain and inflammation. It can also lead to nerve damage and bone spurs, projections that develop along bones’ edges. Treatment options include pain medication, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and surgery.
When the space within the spine narrows down, some pressure is exerted on the nerves that travel throughout the spine. This leads to numbness, weakness, pain, and tingling. Often, it occurs in the lower back and the neck. Treatment options include pain medication, physical therapy, steroid injection, decompression procedure, and surgery.
It is a spinal condition affecting the lower vertebrae that leads to pain in the lower back. It occurs when one of the vertebrae slips out of place onto the vertebra below it. It causes leg pain or lower pain as pressure develops on the nerves. It leads to a loss of feeling in the limbs, difficulty walking, and loss of bladder control. Treatments include pain medications, physical therapy, core strengthening exercises, and surgery.
The neck injury brought about by sudden motion or jerking of the head is called whiplash. This sudden movement strains the neck muscles and damages joints, leading to a stiff neck, lower back pain, headache, dizziness, neck pain, fatigue, etc. Treatment options include massage, heating pads, and physical therapy.
Chronic back pain can be highly disruptive and lower the quality of your life. To know more, visit our medical center in Sharjah to consult with leading orthopedic doctors in Sharjah. IBO is one of the leading clinics in Sharjah for back pain management.