Osteoporosis And Women – Understanding The Risks

Osteoporosis is a disease where your bones thin, making them fragile and more likely to break. It is a “silent disease” as it is known to develop over the years without any signs or symptoms. Although you can delay or reduce the bone loss gynaecologists say that osteoporosis treatments are not successful enough to completely prevent it. Osteoporosis is also the disease where more women are at risk of contracting the disease than men. This is because, women naturally have lower bone density than men, which can reduce as they grow older. According to the International Osteoporosis Foundation, it is estimated that osteoporosis can affect about 200 million women worldwide.  For proper diagnosis, you will find the best gynaecologists for Osteoporosis treatment in Sharjah. Understanding the Risks Studies show that women have smaller and thinner bones than men, which is protected by Estrogen, that decreases sharply as women age and reach menopause. Women reach their maximum bone mass at the age of 18, while men reach theirs in their 20s. Even though men and women both continue to gain small amounts of bone mass, it is true that men gain more bone weight than women. Osteoporosis is most common in women post their menopause, as their estrogen levels decline suddenly increasing their chances. If you had a low bone density to start with then susceptibility to osteoporosis is very high in them post menstruation. Osteoporosis and Estrogen Osteoporosis can be due to genetic or environmental factors, but the most culpable suspect is changing estrogen level is a women’s body. The hormone regulates a woman’s reproductive cycle. It also helps to keep their bones strong and healthy. Post menopause, the estrogen levels decrease sharply which leads many women to start bone loss and osteoporosis. Gynaecologists say that if a women experience any of these, they are at higher risk of developing osteoporosis due to varying estrogen levels –
  1. Irregular or infrequent periods 2. Starting their periods late in their teens 3. Removing ovaries at any age 4. Menopause Data from various studies also suggest that women who have higher estrogen levels than their peers, who begin their menstrual cycles earlier than normal or those who intake estrogen-based contraceptives are known to show higher bone density. Diagnosis As already discussed, postmenopausal women have more chances of having osteoporosis due to reduced estrogen levels. However, it is not a rule. Young adult women also suffer from the condition. The risk factors are –
 1.Having a thin frame 2.Genetic factors/ Family history 3.Low calcium intake 4.Smoking 5.Excessive alcohol consumption 6.Inactive lifestyle 7.Estrogen deficiency due to medical conditions like anorexia 8.Irregular menstrual periods 9.Long-term use of corticosteroids 10.Ethnicity – Caucasian or Asian backgrounds Diagnosis in young adult women includes a study of their medical history, physical examination, bone density testing, x-rays, and lab tests. Treatments Although osteoporosis medicines are available in the market, they are not normally recommended for premenopausal women. However, some of them are prescribed for those who had taken steroid medicines for a long time for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis medicines are also prescribed for premenopausal women to treat broken bones or low bone density. Pregnancy and breastfeeding mothers Pregnant or breastfeeding mothers should have enough calcium and vitamin D as they are good for you and your growing baby. Your baby’s calcium needs are met by taking calcium from your bones if you are running low on calcium and nutrients. So it is very likely for women to show some bone loss during pregnancy. This is usually going away after shortly after giving birth. Preventing Methods Osteoporosis can be delayed by building stronger bones. Adolescents and young adult women are advised by Gynaecologists in Sharjah to get enough calcium and vitamin D through a well-balanced diet. Stay fit through exercises and avoid drinking and smoking for keeping your bones and body healthy.
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