How Lack Of Vitamin D Can Put You At Risk Of Serious Diseases

Vitamins and minerals are recognized as essential nutrients. That is because they have a crucial role in multiple functions of the body. For example, they help heal wounds, build bones and even boost the immune system. While there are various types of nutrients, an essential one that we will discuss in this blog is vitamin D. If you lack vitamin D, you might be at risk of having severe diseases that require treatment from a medical center

What is Vitamin D?

It is a nutrient crucial for many different body components, such as the muscle, nervous and immune system. It is also required for your body to absorb calcium. The latter is necessary for building and healing bones. There are three main methods which you can use to obtain vitamin D: by the skin, from a healthy diet, and supplements. 

Through the skin, it is obtained by exposure to sunlight which causes the body to create the nutrient naturally. However, doctors do not recommend staying under the sun for a long time, as it can cause skin aging and cancer. Therefore, it is better to take it from other sources such as dairy products, oily fish, red meat, and egg yolks, to name a few. Suppose you cannot consume the required intake of vitamin D. In that case, most supplements will effectively bridge the gap. 

If you lack nutrients, your health and wellbeing might be at serious risk. Due to how essential the nutrient is, multiple body components can become compromised if there is a deficiency, leading to the development of disorders and diseases. Therefore, you need to visit an Endocrinology doctor for treatment before the insufficiency worsens.

What are the diseases that can occur?

Rickets

It is a condition that affects a child’s bone development by softening and weakening them. It commonly occurs due to a lack of calcium and phosphorus due to prolonged and extreme Vitamin D deficiency. Its symptoms are painful and can be distressing to a child. They include bowed legs, known as knock knees, thickened wrists and ankles, and a protruding breastbone. They will also have muscle weakness and pain in their pelvis, spine, and legs. In addition, they will have a delay in their growth and motor skills compared to other children.

Osteomalacia

It is similar to rickets but affects adults. It also involves a softening of the bone tissue. You may not show any symptoms; however, they will start to appear as it progresses. You will feel pain in your bones, joints, and muscles, especially after exercise or heavy movement. Fractures will also become common, particularly in the lower back, hips, and feet. You will find it difficult to walk. And muscle cramps and pins and needles in your hands and feet will become a common complaint. 

Cardiovascular disease

While vitamin D deficiency does not directly cause cardiovascular disease, it does increase the risk for heart attacks, congestive heart failure, strokes, and other conditions related to poor cardiac health, such as diabetes and high blood pressure. The exact mechanism that connects the two is not conclusive yet; however, several theories have been proposed. In addition, the presence of vitamin D receptors in the cardiovascular system has also led scientists to believe there could be a correlation between the two. 

If you notice any symptoms of a deficiency, you need to consult an Endocrinologist in Sharjah immediately. They will conduct an examination and blood test to identify if there is a deficiency. Then, they will prescribe supplements containing vitamin D or calcium. This will typically correct the bone issues caused by the disease. In case the skeletal deformities are severe, then corrective surgery might be required. Prevention is ultimately better than treatment; therefore, make sure to include the required intake of vitamin D in your diet.

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