Cervix is the narrow end of the uterus that forms a canal between the uterus and vagina and is a part of the human female reproductive system. Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that begins in this area, and a pap smear test is performed to diagnose the condition. This article discusses how a pap smear test leads to finding cervical cancer symptoms.
Pap Smear Test
The test is also referred to as the pap test and involves collecting cells from your cervix. Early detection of cervical cancer through a pap smear test can help identify the problem earlier and cure the condition.
Gynecologist in Sharjah states that women should start getting the screening at the age of 21 and need to have the test every three years until 65. The test is typically performed combined with a pelvic exam. An instrument named speculum is used to open the vagina gently, and a thorough examination of the cervix, ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes is checked during a pelvic exam.
Who Needs Frequent Pap Tests
Those who have increased risk factors to obtain cervical cancer need to perform pap tests more frequently, regardless of age. The risk factors include;
- History of smoking
- HIV infection
- A previous diagnosis of cervical cancer
- Precancerous cell diagnosis
- Weakened immune system
How To Prepare
Before visiting the best gynecologist in Sharjah for a pap smear test, you can avoid doing the following to get more effective results from your examination. This will help to not wash away the abnormal cells if there are any existing.
- Avoid intercourse for 2 days
- Avoid douching for 2 days
- Do not use any vaginal medicines or creams
- Do not schedule the test during your menstrual cycle
The Process Of Pap Smear
A Pap test can be done in a few minutes. You may require to remove all your clothes or below the waist area to prepare for the examination. You need to lie down on your back with your knees bent. A heel supporter called stirrups will be given to rest your heels during the test.
A speculum is gently inserted into your vagina to hold the walls for an easy examination of your cervix. You may experience pressure in your pelvic area due to this.
A spatula (scraping device) and a soft brush are used to take your cervical cell samples. The collection does not cause any discomfort or pain, and you can spend the rest of your day without any restrictions.
A pap smear test can be done in two ways, and hence the samples collected will be sent to the laboratory accordingly. The cells will be examined for indications of cervical cancer or abnormal cells.
If you have a negative result, further tests are not required, and you are due for your next pap smear test accordingly. A positive result means abnormal cells were recognized; however, it doesn’t mean you have cervical cancer yet.
Further tests and examinations are involved in identifying the problem. A colposcopy procedure is one method used after a positive result to examine the tissues of the cervix, vagina, and vulva. A biopsy or a tissue sample will be taken to send to the laboratory for further analysis and definitive diagnosis.
It is crucial to understand the importance of having a pap smear test to avoid cervical cancer development and prevent you from an unfortunate condition. You can discuss the frequency you need to have the screening done with your doctor, especially if you fall under the high-risk category. Contact us or visit the gynecology Sharjah unit at IBO Medical Center and meet the best consultants for optimal treatments.