Gum Pigmentation: What Are The Factors That Lead To It?

Gum pigmentation is where the color of your gums becomes darker or black in color. Black gums can be caused due to hereditary factors or due to other medications and habits. Those who are conscious about their gums’ color, especially if they have a “gummy smile,” prefer going through a gum depigmentation treatment at dental clinic Sharjah to change their gums’ color. This article looks into the factors that lead to gum pigmentation for your reference.

Why Do People Get Different Gum Colors?

Melanin is the name of the pigment that gives your skin color and usually depends on the type and amount of melanin you have in the body. Your gums can also be darker in color due to the melanin present in the gum tissues. 

In certain individuals, a color variation can be observed, where different shades can be noticed on the sides of the mouth. These can be seen uniformly or as patches and are considered a natural situation.

Causes For Gum Pigmentation

Apart from the natural melanin production, people may experience darker gums due to certain disease conditions and habits. Given below are a few causes that lead to black gums in individuals.

Smoking – The condition is known as a smoker’s melanosis. The production of melanin is involved with specialized cells called melanocytes. The nicotine available in cigarettes can cause these melanocytes to produce more melanin than the average, making your gums more black or darker in color. The color change can be seen entirely or as patches inside your mouth and may include cheeks and lower lips for a few individuals.

Medication – Certain medications can cause your gums to appear darker in color. This occurs as a side effect from the medicine you intake. They may include antibiotics, cancer therapy drugs, minocycline (used to treat acne). If you notice a change in your gum color after taking a particular medication, it is recommended to contact your doctor regarding the matter.

Addison’s disease – This is a condition that occurs due to a problem with your body’s immune system. The disorder can affect the adrenal glands in your body and inhibit the production of hormones. Tiredness, dehydration, weight loss, lost appetite, and weakened muscles are a few early symptoms seen among the people who experience the problem. Progression of the disease can cause hyperpigmentation, where you can experience darkened gums and lips.

Amalgam tattoo – When you visit the dental clinic in Sharjah for fillings and crowns, metals mixed with amalgam will be used to create the caps. It is a healthcare-caused lesion and can be seen in grey, blue, and black color around the treated area. This is a common condition and is benign but can be often mistaken for melanoma.

Viable Treatments

Although most of the conditions do not require medical attention, most people prefer to get back to their usual gum color or get rid of the excess darkness that can be highly noticeable while talking or smiling. A gum bleaching can be done to lighten the color of your gum.

Conditions related to medications or Addison’s disease need to be treated with medication. Smoking should be avoided and quit if you have darkened gums due to the constant habit of smoking. Free gingival grafting is another method where tissues from the roof of your mouth will be taken and applied to your gum area.

If you are concerned about your gums’ color, visit the best dental clinic in Sharjah at IBO Medical Center for a comprehensive oral examination and acquire the best treatment that suits you most. Our highly skilled professionals are happy to help you and bring back the smile or appearance you desire.

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