Cancer is a disease that causes cells to divide uncontrollably and spread to the surrounding tissues and blood. The problem can occur in any of the organs in your body. However, there are a few common areas where cancer can affect many people. Skin cancers are one of them and occur mainly due to exposure to sunlight or other external reasons. Most cancers don’t have a 100% cure, especially when they are diagnosed in later stages. However, technology keeps making new inventions to find treatments and invent equipment to treat cancer patients more viably. Dermoscopy is a test that is used to identify cancer cells in the skin. This blog will look into an overview of dermoscopy in diagnosing melanoma.
What Is Melanoma?
Melanoma is a condition that develops in melanocytes, the cells that produce melanin, a pigment that colors your skin, hair, and eye. The skin color depends on the amount of melanin you have in your skin.
Although a direct cause for melanoma has not been identified yet, exposure to UV radiation from sunlight is considered a risk factor for the condition. Tanning lamps and beds are also considered as harmful factors that can develop the melanoma condition.
People older than 40 have higher prominence to get the condition, especially women. However, early detection of melanoma can help prevent the spread of the disease.
The disease is commonly seen and developed in areas with direct exposure to sunlight. A change in an existing mole or a development of unusual-looking growth in the skin is considered as the initial signs and symptoms of the condition.
Dermoscopy or dermatoscopy is a skin examination, and the test is used to evaluate pigmented skin lesions. Melanoma can be quickly identified with the microscopic skin surfacing technique. The test utilizes a high-quality magnifying lens and a powerful lighting system to identify skin structures and patterns more easily.
The hand-held devices are equipped with convenient attachments and can allow video or photography and smartphones. The images taken can be used via computer software for mole mapping or further diagnosing.
Dermoscopy is used to evaluate the color and the structure of the sample skin taken for the test. These pigment lesions can include identifying precise colors like black, brown, blue, red, grey, white, and yellow. Apart from the color variegation, a dermoscopy also involves identifying the following characteristics in the collected skin sample;
- Symmetry or asymmetric nature
- Homogeneous and heterogeneous
- Distribution of cells
- Keratin in the skin surface
- Border of the lesion
- Presence of ulceration
- Distribution of pigments
Once your skin doctor in Sharjah diagnoses the extent of your melanoma condition, a treatment option will be given. Those with early-stage melanoma may only require removing the affected area entirely, including the border of the normal skin and tissue layer beneath it.
Surgery, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, radiation, and chemotherapy are treatments available to treat the condition. Each treatment type is given according to the progress or the extent of the cancer cells you have.
It is essential to cope with the emotional and physical changes that cancer brings to your life. Talking to your skin specialist in Sharjah and Keeping close to your family and friends will help you face your treatments confidently and fight against the unfortunate situation. Visit IBO medical center in Sharjah if you notice any changes or unusualness in your skin. Our friendly doctors will be with you every step until you regain your health to an optimal level.