An Easy Guide To The Most Common Types Of Mental Illnesses

There are several kinds of mental health problems that individuals face today. These can get in the way of them performing their day-to-day activities and affect the relationships they have with the people around them. People who suffer from mental illnesses are often stigmatized by the public and misunderstood by society. This is partly due to the lack of information and the absence of discourse. Depression, anxiety disorder, bipolar disorder, PTSD or post-traumatic stress disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD are some of the most prevalent mental illnesses today.Mental disorders can be caused by a number of psychological conditions. These can include events such as childhood trauma, physical abuse, sexual abuse, and poor social interaction skills. It can also be caused by biological factors. For instance, genetics and chromosomal abnormalities can cause mental disorders to manifest.Our experts at the best medical center in Sharjah list the most common mental illnesses seen today. 
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder 
Commonly known as OCD, this mental disorder is characterized by intrusive, unwanted lingering thoughts, sensations, and feelings that bring about repetitive action and compulsion. These compulsions can include excessive handwashing, cleaning, arranging, and incessantly checking doors and locks.Individuals who suffer from OCD are compelled to do such actions to appease their obsessive thoughts and avoid the feeling of anxiety. Several treatments are available to address OCD. Psychotherapies such as CBT or Cognitive Behavioral Therapy have also proven to be effective in treating OCD.
Depression
Perhaps this is the most common mental disorder there is today. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are almost 264 million people worldwide who suffer from depression, and a majority of them are women. While depression affects people of all ages and walks of life, the average age of onset is typically between 20 to 30 years old. Individuals who suffer from depression experience a feeling of hopelessness, fatigue, and lingering negative thoughts. It should also be noted that depression can stem from bipolar disorder as well.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
PTSD can be the result of a traumatic event either experienced or witnessed by an individual. Individuals with PTSD experience nightmares, flashbacks, and extreme anxiety. Sufferers usually get better through therapy, but for others, it may take several years to overcome. PTSD can hugely impact an individual’s activities. In such cases, therapy can help relieve the trauma to help an individual function without any difficulties or anxiety.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Feeling anxious over something is completely normal. However, if the feeling starts to get in the way of a person’s life and relationships, it may result in a disorder. Adults, as well as children, can develop generalized anxiety disorder. Living with this condition can be challenging and taxing to an individual. While psychotherapy and prescription medications are effective in battling this condition, lifestyle changes are also helpful in treating generalized anxiety.
Bipolar Disorder 
This mental condition is also known as manic depression. The degree of severity varies from person to person. In general, this is characterized by long bouts of mania, depression, and unstable mood swings. They can be either overly enthusiastic and elevated (mania) or feel extremely low and unmotivated (depression). Bipolar disorder can come in different categories depending on the manic-depression episodes of an individual. There are several other mental disorders that include phobias and panic disorders. The first step to overcome these illnesses is to acknowledge and communicate how you feel. It is crucial to reach out to people if you feel low, depressed or anxious for a relatively long time. For more information about different mental disorders, reach out to our specialists at our Sharjah medical center.
Arabic AR English EN