How Does A Pap Smear Test Lead To Finding Cervical Cancer Symptoms?

Cervix is the narrow end of the uterus that forms a canal between the uterus and vagina and is a part of the human female reproductive system. Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that begins in this area, and a pap smear test is performed to diagnose the condition. This article discusses how a pap smear test leads to finding cervical cancer symptoms.

Pap Smear Test

The test is also referred to as the pap test and involves collecting cells from your cervix. Early detection of cervical cancer through a pap smear test can help identify the problem earlier and cure the condition.

Gynecologist in Sharjah states that women should start getting the screening at the age of 21 and need to have the test every three years until 65. The test is typically performed combined with a pelvic exam. An instrument named speculum is used to open the vagina gently, and a thorough examination of the cervix, ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes is checked during a pelvic exam.

Who Needs Frequent Pap Tests

Those who have increased risk factors to obtain cervical cancer need to perform pap tests more frequently, regardless of age. The risk factors include;

  • History of smoking
  • HIV infection
  • A previous diagnosis of cervical cancer
  • Precancerous cell diagnosis 
  • Weakened immune system

How To Prepare

Before visiting the best gynecologist in Sharjah for a pap smear test, you can avoid doing the following to get more effective results from your examination. This will help to not wash away the abnormal cells if there are any existing.

  • Avoid intercourse for 2 days
  • Avoid douching for 2 days
  • Do not use any vaginal medicines or creams
  • Do not schedule the test during your menstrual cycle

The Process Of Pap Smear

A Pap test can be done in a few minutes. You may require to remove all your clothes or below the waist area to prepare for the examination. You need to lie down on your back with your knees bent. A heel supporter called stirrups will be given to rest your heels during the test.

A speculum is gently inserted into your vagina to hold the walls for an easy examination of your cervix. You may experience pressure in your pelvic area due to this. 

A spatula (scraping device) and a soft brush are used to take your cervical cell samples. The collection does not cause any discomfort or pain, and you can spend the rest of your day without any restrictions.

A pap smear test can be done in two ways, and hence the samples collected will be sent to the laboratory accordingly. The cells will be examined for indications of cervical cancer or abnormal cells.

If you have a negative result, further tests are not required, and you are due for your next pap smear test accordingly. A positive result means abnormal cells were recognized; however, it doesn’t mean you have cervical cancer yet. 

Further tests and examinations are involved in identifying the problem. A colposcopy procedure is one method used after a positive result to examine the tissues of the cervix, vagina, and vulva. A biopsy or a tissue sample will be taken to send to the laboratory for further analysis and definitive diagnosis.

It is crucial to understand the importance of having a pap smear test to avoid cervical cancer development and prevent you from an unfortunate condition. You can discuss the frequency you need to have the screening done with your doctor, especially if you fall under the high-risk category.  Contact us or visit the gynecology Sharjah unit at IBO Medical Center and meet the best consultants for optimal treatments.

An Overview Of Dermoscopy In Diagnosing Melanoma

Cancer is a disease that causes cells to divide uncontrollably and spread to the surrounding tissues and blood. The problem can occur in any of the organs in your body. However, there are a few common areas where cancer can affect many people. Skin cancers are one of them and occur mainly due to exposure to sunlight or other external reasons. Most cancers don’t have a 100% cure, especially when they are diagnosed in later stages. However, technology keeps making new inventions to find treatments and invent equipment to treat cancer patients more viably. Dermoscopy is a test that is used to identify cancer cells in the skin. This blog will look into an overview of dermoscopy in diagnosing melanoma.

What Is Melanoma?

Melanoma is a condition that develops in melanocytes, the cells that produce melanin, a pigment that colors your skin, hair, and eye. The skin color depends on the amount of melanin you have in your skin. 

Although a direct cause for melanoma has not been identified yet, exposure to UV radiation from sunlight is considered a risk factor for the condition. Tanning lamps and beds are also considered as harmful factors that can develop the melanoma condition.

People older than 40 have higher prominence to get the condition, especially women. However, early detection of melanoma can help prevent the spread of the disease. 

The disease is commonly seen and developed in areas with direct exposure to sunlight. A change in an existing mole or a development of unusual-looking growth in the skin is considered as the initial signs and symptoms of the condition. 

About Dermoscopy

Dermoscopy or dermatoscopy is a skin examination, and the test is used to evaluate pigmented skin lesions. Melanoma can be quickly identified with the microscopic skin surfacing technique. The test utilizes a high-quality magnifying lens and a powerful lighting system to identify skin structures and patterns more easily.

The hand-held devices are equipped with convenient attachments and can allow video or photography and smartphones. The images taken can be used via computer software for mole mapping or further diagnosing.

Dermoscopy is used to evaluate the color and the structure of the sample skin taken for the test. These pigment lesions can include identifying precise colors like black, brown, blue, red, grey, white, and yellow. Apart from the color variegation, a dermoscopy also involves identifying the following characteristics in the collected skin sample;

  • Symmetry or asymmetric nature
  • Homogeneous and heterogeneous
  • Distribution of cells
  • Keratin in the skin surface
  • Border of the lesion
  • Presence of ulceration
  • Distribution of pigments

Viable Treatments

Once your skin doctor in Sharjah diagnoses the extent of your melanoma condition, a treatment option will be given. Those with early-stage melanoma may only require removing the affected area entirely, including the border of the normal skin and tissue layer beneath it. 

Surgery, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, radiation, and chemotherapy are treatments available to treat the condition. Each treatment type is given according to the progress or the extent of the cancer cells you have.

It is essential to cope with the emotional and physical changes that cancer brings to your life. Talking to your skin specialist in Sharjah and Keeping close to your family and friends will help you face your treatments confidently and fight against the unfortunate situation. Visit IBO medical center in Sharjah if you notice any changes or unusualness in your skin. Our friendly doctors will be with you every step until you regain your health to an optimal level.

Ectopic Pregnancy: How Are The Early Symptoms Detected And Managed?

Having a child is considered to be one of the most precious things in life, and women take care of themselves the most during this time to have healthy and safe childbirth without any complications. Usually, pregnancy begins with a fertilized egg attached to the lining of your uterus. However, there are instances that some women can come across unusual situations reflecting from the ordinary way. Ectopic pregnancy is one such condition where the egg implants outside the main cavity. This is also referred to as a tubal pregnancy. This article discusses ectopic pregnancy and how are the early symptoms detected and managed.

Ectopic Pregnancy And Its Reasons

The fallopian tube or uterine tubes are a part of the female reproductive system and stretches from the ovaries. When a fertilized egg grows outside the uterus of a woman, an ectopic pregnancy occurs.

Ectopic pregnancies mostly occur in fallopian tubes and are therefore also referred to as tubal pregnancy. It can also occur in the abdominal cavity or the lower part of the uterus. There may be several causes and risk factors for an ectopic pregnancy. Some of them are;

  • Damaged fallopian tube
  • Pelvic inflammatory diseases
  • Smoking
  • Age above 35 years
  • Fertility treatments
  • Scarring from pelvic surgeries
  • Previous ectopic pregnancies
  • Tubal ligation (birth control methods)

Early warning signs

Similar to a normal pregnancy, your pregnancy test will become positive in this condition for most women. Light vaginal bleeding can be experienced as the first warning sign. You may also experience shoulder pain or the urge to have a bowel movement.

Upset stomach, nausea, abdominal cramps, dizziness, and weakness are a few other ectopic pregnancy symptoms. Severe belly pain on one side or heavy vaginal bleeding with fainting or shoulder pain are some emergency symptoms that need immediate medical attention.

Diagnosis And Treatment

Visit your gynecologist at a medical center in Sharjah for a comprehensive test to diagnose the condition. The tests can include a pregnancy test, pelvic test, and an ultrasound to observe your uterus and the fallopian tubes. 

An ectopic pregnancy can rupture your fallopian tubes and can cause life-threatening bleeding. Also, a fertilized egg cannot survive outside a uterus and needs to be taken out to avoid serious health problems. Gynecologists in Sharjah follow two treatment methods to treat the situation of an ectopic pregnancy.

They are;

Medication – This is ideal for those who have diagnosed the symptoms early and have not experienced a rupture in the fallopian tube. Here, your doctor will prescribe a medicine called methotrexate to stop the cells from growing. 

Surgery – Others need laparoscopy surgery to remove the ectopic pregnancy. A small cut is placed in the lower part of your belly, and a thin, flexible tube named laparoscope is inserted to remove the mid-way fertilized egg.

If your fallopian tube is damaged, your doctor may have to remove it for your safety. For those experiencing heavy bleeding, an emergency surgery called laparotomy is required.

Those who had to remove their fallopian tube may require to consult a fertility specialist as it is hard to conceive a baby in a regular way after surgery. It is also essential to be cautious on your next pregnancy and ensure the egg has been implanted in the correct place. Visit the best gynecologist in Sharjah at IBO Medical center for a comprehensive examination if you are expecting a child. Our highly skilled professionals are happy to help you with all your medical concerns.

Gum Pigmentation: What Are The Factors That Lead To It?

Gum pigmentation is where the color of your gums becomes darker or black in color. Black gums can be caused due to hereditary factors or due to other medications and habits. Those who are conscious about their gums’ color, especially if they have a “gummy smile,” prefer going through a gum depigmentation treatment at dental clinic Sharjah to change their gums’ color. This article looks into the factors that lead to gum pigmentation for your reference.

Why Do People Get Different Gum Colors?

Melanin is the name of the pigment that gives your skin color and usually depends on the type and amount of melanin you have in the body. Your gums can also be darker in color due to the melanin present in the gum tissues. 

In certain individuals, a color variation can be observed, where different shades can be noticed on the sides of the mouth. These can be seen uniformly or as patches and are considered a natural situation.

Causes For Gum Pigmentation

Apart from the natural melanin production, people may experience darker gums due to certain disease conditions and habits. Given below are a few causes that lead to black gums in individuals.

Smoking – The condition is known as a smoker’s melanosis. The production of melanin is involved with specialized cells called melanocytes. The nicotine available in cigarettes can cause these melanocytes to produce more melanin than the average, making your gums more black or darker in color. The color change can be seen entirely or as patches inside your mouth and may include cheeks and lower lips for a few individuals.

Medication – Certain medications can cause your gums to appear darker in color. This occurs as a side effect from the medicine you intake. They may include antibiotics, cancer therapy drugs, minocycline (used to treat acne). If you notice a change in your gum color after taking a particular medication, it is recommended to contact your doctor regarding the matter.

Addison’s disease – This is a condition that occurs due to a problem with your body’s immune system. The disorder can affect the adrenal glands in your body and inhibit the production of hormones. Tiredness, dehydration, weight loss, lost appetite, and weakened muscles are a few early symptoms seen among the people who experience the problem. Progression of the disease can cause hyperpigmentation, where you can experience darkened gums and lips.

Amalgam tattoo – When you visit the dental clinic in Sharjah for fillings and crowns, metals mixed with amalgam will be used to create the caps. It is a healthcare-caused lesion and can be seen in grey, blue, and black color around the treated area. This is a common condition and is benign but can be often mistaken for melanoma.

Viable Treatments

Although most of the conditions do not require medical attention, most people prefer to get back to their usual gum color or get rid of the excess darkness that can be highly noticeable while talking or smiling. A gum bleaching can be done to lighten the color of your gum.

Conditions related to medications or Addison’s disease need to be treated with medication. Smoking should be avoided and quit if you have darkened gums due to the constant habit of smoking. Free gingival grafting is another method where tissues from the roof of your mouth will be taken and applied to your gum area.

If you are concerned about your gums’ color, visit the best dental clinic in Sharjah at IBO Medical Center for a comprehensive oral examination and acquire the best treatment that suits you most. Our highly skilled professionals are happy to help you and bring back the smile or appearance you desire.